In the most recent changes to the Laws of the Game the International Football Association Board (IFAB) have approved the use of temporary dismissals (sin bins) for all or some cautions/yellow cards (YC’s) across youth, veterans, disability and grassroots football, subject to the approval of the competitions national FA.
Football Federation Australia (FFA) subsequently ratified the use of temporary dismissals for dissent offences in Australia, and a directive has been issued by Football Queensland for temporary dismissals (sin bins) to be implemented effective immediately throughout community football for dissent offences only.
The following information has been prepared to assist with the implementation of temporary dismissals (sin bins)
What is a temporary dismissal (sin bin)?
A temporary dismissal is when a player commits a cautionable (YC) offence and is punished by an immediate ‘suspension’ from participating in the next part of that match. The philosophy is that an ‘instant punishment’ can have a significant and immediate positive influence on the behaviour of the offending player and, potentially, the player’s team.
When can a player be punished by a temporary dismissal (sin bin)?
A temporary dismissal applies only when a player is cautioned for the offence of dissent by word or action.
Who can be temporarily dismissed?
Only players (including goalkeepers) currently on the field of play can be temporarily dismissed.
How will we know if a player has been temporarily dismissed?
The referee will indicate a temporary dismissal by showing the yellow card (YC), then clearly indicating the dismissal period (i.e. 5 or 10 minutes) and pointing with both arms to the temporary dismissal area (the player’s technical area).
How long is the temporary dismissal (sin bin) period?
A player cautioned for dissent will be punished by a yellow card and a temporary dismissal period of:
o Ten (10) minutes, for matches greater than 60 minutes’ duration; or
o Five (5) minutes, for matches of 60 minutes or less in duration.
The temporary dismissal period begins when play restarts after the player has left the field of play.
The referee should include in the temporary dismissal period any time ‘lost’ for a stoppage for which ‘additional time’, will be allowed at the end of the half (e.g. substitution, injury etc…).
Where is the temporary dismissal area?
A temporarily dismissed player is required to remain within the respective technical area for the duration to the temporary dismissal period. A temporarily dismissed player is permitted to ‘warm-up’ under the same conditions as a substitute (i.e. must be wearing a bib etc…).
When can a temporarily dismissed (sin bin) player return to the match?
Once the temporary dismissal period has been completed, the player can return from the touchline only after receiving the referee’s permission, which can be given while the ball is in play.
The referee has the final decision as to when the player can return.
If a temporary dismissal period has not been completed at the end of the first half (or second half when extra time is to be played) the remaining part of the temporary dismissal period is served from the start of the second half (or start of extra time).
A player who is still serving a temporary dismissal at the end of the match is permitted to take part in Kicks from the Penalty Mark (penalties).
When can a temporarily dismissed player be substituted/interchanged?
A temporarily dismissed player cannot be substituted/interchanged until the end of the temporary dismissal period and only if the team has not used all its permitted substitutes.
What happens if a temporarily dismissed player commits an additional offence?
If a temporarily dismissed played commits an additional offence resulting in a yellow card or red card before the temporary dismissal period has been completed, the player will be sent-off and is required to leave the technical area and its surrounds. The player may not be replaced or substituted/interchanged.
A temporary dismissal is counted as a caution (YC), and therefore can only be used when a players’ first caution (YC) in a match is for a dissent offence.
Where a player has already received a caution (YC) for any offence in a match and then commits a dissent offence, the temporary dismissal (sin bin) cannot be used, as this would be the players second caution (YC) the player would be sent-off for receiving a second caution in the same match and may not be replaced or substituted/interchanged.
What is dissent?
In accordance with the Laws of the Game, dissent is defined as, showing public disagreement (verbal and/or physical) with a match official’s decision; punishable by a caution (YC) and temporary dismissal (sin bin).
Advice to Referees
To assist with the management of a temporary dismissal the referee should record the commencement time of the temporary dismissal and take note of the expected completion time.
During the pre-match instructions the referee should discuss the management of any temporary dismissals (sin bins) with the other Match Officials.
If play is stopped to caution (YC) and temporarily dismiss a player, play is restarted by an indirect free kick to the opposing team from the place the ball was positioned when play was stopped.
If the ball is out of play, play is restarted according to the previous decision (i.e. throw in, corner kick etc…).
Frequently Asked Questions
Do we have to create a “sin bin” zone or area?
No. If a player is temporarily dismissed, they will be required to leave the field of play and return to the technical area for the duration of the temporary dismissal period.
Will my club have to provide a timekeeper?
No. The referee is responsible for managing the timing of the dismissal period however they may delegate this responsibility to one of The Other Match Officials or a team official.
In which competitions will temporary dismissals (sin bin) be used?
Temporary dismissals for dissent offences apply across all male and female competition fixtures (U12-Seniors) that are administered by FNQ Football.
Is a Club Based Referee expected to issue temporary dismissals (sin bins)?
Yes. Temporary dismissals (sin bins) for dissent offences apply across all FNQ Football competitions and all match officials including Club Based Referees are empowered to issue a temporary dismissal for dissent offences.
What happens if we start with 7 players and then 1 is temporarily dismissed?
In accordance with the Laws of the Game, the match is abandoned. If a team has fewer than 7 players on the field of play the match cannot continue.
If you require further clarification or have additional questions in relation to the implementation of temporary dismissals (sin bins) you can forward them to FNQ head office.